ALL WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE INCA TRAIL HIKE TO MACHU PICCHU
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu or Inca Trail Hike – No hike in the world can be compared to the beauty that can only be seen in the Inca Trail 4 days. Besides the pleasant experience of living together with local people (porters) and tourists from different countries that you meet, at the end of the inca trail hike, you will feel very satisfied with every single step you walked along the Inca Trail 4 days. Those steps will lead you to your final dream destination, the majestic Machu Picchu, a memory you will treasure forever.
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu provides trekkers with a fantastic opportunity to hike the Andean mountains while learning the history of the pre columbian people inhabiting what is now called South America and their encounter with the Spaniards ‘conquistadors’.
In this piece, you will find absolutely everything you need to know about the Inca Trail, which is the most beautiful hiking destination of Peru and South America.
WHERE IS LOCATED THE INCA TRAIL HIKE TO MACHU PICCHU
The starting point of the Inca Trail 4 days and 3 nights Network is located in the Piscacucho km 82 community, in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba.
HOW TO GET TO CUSCO FOR THE INCA TRAIL HIKE?
Most people will get to Cusco by air. Please remember that the Cusco airport is for domestic travel only. If you come directly from overseas through Lima, you must get your bags in Lima and re-check them for your flight to Cusco. Four airline carriers fly roundtrip between Lima and Cusco. That includes LATAM Airlines, AVIANCA Airlines, Star Peru, and Peruvian Airlines. They all offer similar schedules and in-flight service, but we usually recommend either LATAM airlines or AVIANCA. They tend to be the most helpful when unexpected flight cancellations or delays occur
WHAT IS THE INCA TRAIL? A BRIEF HISTORY
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is a 26 miles/42Km stretch of a stone-paved road built by the Incas in the XV century which was rediscovered in the year 1911. It is considered the best and most beautiful hiking destination of South America.
In the present, it takes on average four days for people to complete the entire length of the inca trail to Machu Picchu. Archeologists have widely heralded the Inca road system as one of the feats of civil engineering in the New World, which is only comparable to the famous ancient Roman roads.
At the height of the Incan empire, these inca trails stretched for over 40,000 Km / 25,000 miles, linking its capital, the city of Cusco (Qosqo in the native language of the Inca), to its far-flung domains, and crisscrossing some of the world's most rugged and inhospitable terrains. It is a hundred percent proved that the Incas built upon, improved, and expanded the roads left by the people and nations that preceded them and the conquered people.
All the infrastructure built along the inca trail network, such as bridges, waypoints, checkpoints, garrisons, administrative centers, and religious shrines, were thought to be part of a whole that manifested the power of the Inca Empire. The inca trails were considered fundamental to the functioning of their political, social, religious, and economic system. They were used as a tool of coercion and persuasion of the people that lived under their domain. The inca trail displayed their disposition to perpetuate their power and influence over the inhabitants of these lands for generations to come.
Two main inca trails were running in parallel from south to north, one through the highlands of the Andean mountain range, from Quito Ecuador to the northwestern part of Argentina in Tucuman, and the other stretching along the coast all the way from Tumbes in northern Peru to the Maule river in Chile, crossing hundreds of rivers and ending in the Pacific ocean and the Atacama desert.
Just as these inca trails were fundamental to the expansion of the power of the Inca People from Cusco, they also played a key role in the defeat of the Inca at the hands of the European conquerors coming from Spain. They facilitated the movement of troops and resources fundamental to the success of the Spanish forces in taking over the Inca Empire.
WHY IS THE INCA TRAIL SO FAMOUS?
The Inca trail trek is famous because it provides hikers the only way to arrive in Machu Picchu by means of hiking. Upon the re-discovery of Machu Picchu by the American scholar Hiram Bingham, the Inca trail to machu picchu was also brought back to life.
Teams of archaeologists and local peasants explored what remained of this ancient inca trail, finding many Incan complexes and temples along the way that became some of their most beautiful attractions. Machu Picchu was named a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983, and one of the seven new wonders of the world in 2003, which made it a famous must-see travel destination.
The Inca Inca Trail Trek to Machu Picchu began receiving more tourists when Peru entered into a phase of pacification in coming out of a kind of civil war that bled the country from the early '80s up until the mid-'90s. By the end of the last century, thousands of people flocked to this beautiful destination to arrive in the Sungate of Machu Picchu at sunrise. Only the people who hike the trail to machu piccu can experience such an event.
IS THE INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU DANGEROUS?
Just like every other outdoor activity, hiking involves a dose of risk-taking. However, the Machu Picchu hike is not dangerous at all.
There are no places where one's safety might be compromised. In any case, the best way to minimize any danger level is by acting proactively and taking the necessary measures to prevent any such situations. For instance, proper acclimatization will prevent you from getting altitude sickness, which is the number one reason why people fall ill.
WHAT IS THE ALTITUDE OF THE INCA TRAIL HIKE ?
Along the trek, you will walk through different terrains, and experience diverse microclimates and altitudes. All of these factors contribute to the great biodiversity that is unique to this area.
Lowest altitude is 2050 m / 6561 ft – Aguas Calientes town (last day)
Highest altitude is 4200 m / 13779 ft – Warmiwañusca Pass or Dead Woman’s Pass (second day)
ARE TREKKING POLES REALLY NECESSARY ON THE INCA TRAIL TREK?
For the inca trail trek more than any of the treks, we recommend the use of Trekking poles, especially for those passengers with knee problems. There are multiple times during the inca trail trek that a Trekking poles is handy, be it ascending a mountain or walking down immense sets of Inca stairs. It will help with your balance and reduce the impact on your knees.
WHAT IS THE CLIMATE LIKE IN THE INCA TRAIL?
Cusco has two distinct seasons: dry and rainy. However, in these two seasons, you can experience the different microclimates of each town. The microclimate varies according to the altitude you are at. Having that said, you will notice that the climate in Machu Picchu and along the way varies. You will hike from an altitude of 2050 m.a.s.l. to 4200 m.a.s.l.
Rainy season: From November to April. During this time Cusco receives a greater amount of rainfall. Average daytime temperatures are higher than the dry season at 23 °C while night temperatures can be as cold as 6 °C. Likewise, Annual rainfall is 160 mm. During these months, it is cloudy and humidity can reach 91%.
Dry season: From May to October. Days are bright and sunny with a temperature of 22 °C (61 °F) while nights are much colder sometimes with a low temperature of 0 °C. Likewise, Annual rainfall is 60 mm. It is sunny with a clear sky and 70% of humidity.
WHAT IS THE BEST TIME TO DO THE INCA TRAIL TREK TO MACHU PICCHU?
The best season to do the Inca Trail hike is during the dry season. However, you should know that whether you come in the dry or rainy season, it will have advantages and disadvantages.
If you do the Inca Trail from November to January, you won’t see as many tourists as during the other months. This is because the rainy season starts in November.
If you do the Inca Trail from May to August, you will notice crowds of people, which means you won’t have that much privacy. However, the weather is pleasant and there is no rain.
Tips: It is important to pack light and consider the climate of the time of the year you are coming to do the inca trail 4 days. If it is during the rainy season, you need to buy a rain poncho and bring a raincoat. Wear always sunscreen no matter the time of the year.
FLORA AND FAUNA IN THE INCA TRAIL HIKE
The Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu presents a great biological diversity that can be found along the Inca Trail 4 days. In the Inca Trail Hike, you will go through different forests such as tropical rainforest, pluvial tundra, montane forest, subtropical rainforest, very humid forest, tropical páramo.
Regarding the flora, you can find more than 300 different species along the inca trail to machu picchu. For instance, there are more than 300 species. Wildlife in the sanctuary is as wide as the flora since there are more than 400 different species living in distinct altitudes.
HOW LONG CAN YOU STAY IN MACHU PICCHU IN THE INCA TRAIL 4 DAYS?
The visiting time in Machu Picchu citadel is an average of 1 hour and 45 minutes to 2 hours. This is enough time to visit the main circuit that includes the most important sites of the historical sanctuary. Once the guided tour is over, you won’t have much time to visit the site on your own. However, if you have bought the entrance tickets for either Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain, the extra hikes, you will have the chance to enter the site a second time.
Huayna Picchu: Average time of the hike is 1 hour and 45 minutes roundtrip. The climb is steep and has small stairs. Therefore, this extra hike is not recommendable for children.
Machu Picchu Mountain: Average time of the hike is 2 hours and a half roundtrip. This extra hike is more recommendable for people who travel with children.
DOES THE 4 DAY / 3 NIGHT INCA TRAIL HIKE INLCUDE THE ENTRANCE TICKET TO MACHU PICCHU?
The permits or entrance ticket for the Inca Trail Hike includes the entrance to Machu Picchu citadel, but it does not include the entrance to the extra hikes to the mountains from where you can see the citadel from above.
For example, Huayna Picchu mountain costs $80 USD per person. In case, you want to hike it you have to buy the entrance ticket to the mountain in advance.
WHAT TIME AND WHEN WE WILL GET TO MACHU PICCHU?
Most of the groups reach the Sun Gate at approximately 6.00 am. On the 4th last day of Inca trail. You will start hiking towards gates at 4.30 am and will enter the site 45 min. later. The time may vary a little that depends on the placement of campsite, which we will assigned on the last night.
Will I be able to witness the sunrise at Machu Picchu?
In truth it is not typical sunrise. As long as you don´t have too much mist or low cloud then you see the first light illuminating Machu Picchu. It is after dawn though as the sun must rise up over the high mountains surrounding Machu Picchu.
WILL I BE ABLE TO CLIMB HUAYNA PICCHU
If you are wanting to include an ascent of Huayna Picchu in your visit to Machu Picchu, note that The trail to Huayna Picchu is safe but very vertical and is about an hour and a half round trip beware that there are new regulations since July 2018 and permits have to be bought in advance. If you want us to organise your permit to climb Huayna Picchu and we must have this request in writing and confirmed at the time of your booking indicating you will pay the extra for this permit. Deposit for Huayna Picchu permit is $80 usd .
BUT remember, so in case you will book the huaynapicchu mountain, you will lost the tour guiding in Machu Picchu, because our tour guiding starts at 9:00 am and ends at 11:00 am. So the time to climb up Huaynapicchu is at 10:00 am. And you will not able to go to both places at same time.
HOW LONG AM I ABLE TO STAY AT MACHU PICCHU? HOW I WILL I GET DOWN TO AGUAS CALIENTES?
When the Inca trail tour is done, we arrive at the citadel at 8:30 am. After a 30-minute break to use the bathrooms, and eat a snack. It begins with the guided tour at 9:00 am. The complete circuit takes 2hrs approx. Then we will all retire as it is not allowed to stay longer in the archeological site, by rules of protection of the Sanctuary. At 12:00 pm approx. We must get off by bus to the city of Aguas Calientes where you can have lunch, and then take the train back to Aguas Calientes.
WHAT KIND OF INCA TRAIL TREKS EXIST?
There are two main Inca Trail tours. First, the Classic Inca Trail which takes 4 days and 3 nights to complete the hike and the shorter 2 days Inca Trail, the easier and faster way to reach Machu Picchu, but you still experience the last part of famous Inca Trail (you basically will be avoiding second day hike).
Additionally, in case of no available permits, there is a number of alternative tours to get to Machu Picchu such as the tours of Machu Picchu by train or the tour which combines biking, hiking and Machu Picchu tour in 4 days and 3 nights.
RESTRICTION ON THE AGE LIMIT FOR THE INCA TRAIL 4 DAYS
Actually, there is no government restriction on the age limit for the inca trail to machu picchu. However, because of the challenging trek, we consider it to be best for visitors above 15 years old to 55-year-old adults. Of course, they must be in good physical condition. Certainly, In case a child travels with you, you may need to hire the service of a personal porter who will assist your child along the hike and carry his backpack.
Above all, Adults over 55 years old, should have hiking experience and be in good health condition. This way, they will be able to arrive in Machu Picchu safely.
INCA TRAIL HIKE TRAINING (PHYSICAL CONDITION)
Most importantly, Training in advance is the key to succeed on hiking the Inca Trail to machu picchu. Without it, you may not be able to complete the circuit since the inca trail 4 days presents different types of terrain which go from easy to challenging levels to finally arriving in Machu picchu.
So, performing some activities at home or at the gym will make the difference. You can do activities that make the legs, arms, heart and back work. Consequently, when you start the Inca Trail, your body won’t struggle at the difficult parts; instead, you will be better prepared and, as a result, enjoy the view more. It is recommendable to start training at least 3 or months before your travel date.
Likewise, breathing exercises can strengthen chest muscles and make breathing easier during the inca trail to machu picchu. This way, high altitude won’t be a problem for you, not even the 4200 m.a.s.l., which is the highest point of the inca trail 4 days you will be at.
DO YOU NEED TRAVEL INSURANCE TO GO TO THE INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU
Although, it is not mandatory to have travel insurance to do the hike Inca Trail 4 days, we highly recommend getting one. This way you can prevent any inconvenience that can happen during your trip such as a flight delay, strikes in the country or city, a natural disaster, or getting sick during the inca trail hike.
To sum up, You should know that getting sick in Peru may be a bit more expensive than other countries. So, Getting travel insurance will make you feel more secure. Insurance companies normally charge you from 100 to 150 US Dollar.
WILL I SUFFER THE ALTITUDE SICKNESS?
As one of the most frequently asked questions, the highest point of the Inca Trail is at 4,200 meters above the sea level, you will spend the night at the campsite at 3.600 meters. It is difficult to say if you really going to suffer from altitude sickness, people are different and are prepared physically different. Most hikers don’t have any issues, but two days rest in Cusco to acclimatize is very advisable, drinking water and chewing cocoa leaves will definitely prepare you for the Inca Trail.
I AM NOT REALLY AN EXPERIENCED TREKKER? WHAT IF I CAN’T KEEP UP? HOW DIFFICULT IS THE INCA TRAIL HIKE?
Most people have that concern but don't worry. Only in extremely rare circumstances does a passenger need to come back early. You just need to remember that you are able to go at a speed that is comfortable for you. Take your time, pace yourself, and enjoy.
The Inca Trail is considered a moderate hike. It’s not a technical hike but there are a lot of Inca stairs to walk up and down, and the altitude may affect some individuals. We recommend using a trekking poles and have an early night before to start the Inca trail trek.
HOW LONG WILL I HIKE PER DAY?
This is a frequently asked question. The whole Inca Trail takes 42 kilometers (26 miles) to hike. During the hike you will see all the variety of Andean landscapes including snowcapped mountains, rivers, high mountains, beautiful plains and a very sunny sky.
Because all campsites are determined by the authorities we cannot tell exactly how many kilometers per day you going to hike, or which of the campsite is assigned to the group, but be ready to hike at least 6 hours per day up to 8 hours. However don’t worry! This is a chance to take amazing pictures of the surrounding landscape and make these memories last forever.
HOW HARD IS TO COMPLETE THE INCA TRAIL?
From 1 to 5 it’s 3, moderately difficult. The Inca stairways to walk up and down in different temperatures and high altitude all that makes this level of difficulty. You can rent walking poles before you start your hike. Those will help you in many ways, we would recommend you get ones if you have some issues with knees or ankles, poles would absorb some pressure from those parts and also help to keep your balance! We recommend you to have a look how to prepare yourself for the Inca Trail.
WHAT IF I AM UNABLE TO FINISH THE INCA TRAIL HIKE?
During the inca trail 4 days, you will not have Internet connection. Therefore, using a cellphone or any electronic device is not convenient in most places.
To keep in contact with the administrators of the tourist agency and inform them in case of a problem, or to check something important, we use radios or satellite phones.
First and Fourth day: you will have internet connection.
Second day: there is no internet connection.
Third day afternoon: there is internet connection.
However, you will have internet connection at the campsite in Wayllabamba on day 1, it has a cost of 5 to 10 soles ($2 or $30) per hour. You will also have internet connection at the campsite of Phuyupatamarca until you arrive in Machu Picchu, and you will be able to make calls, too. The telephone operators that have better signal are CLARO and BITEL. Other telephone operators don’t have good signals along the inca trail hike, but once you arrive in Aguas Calientes town, you will be able to communicate with your family or friends.
WHAT IF I AM UNABLE TO FINISH THE INCA TRAIL HIKE?
In the scenario that you are unable to finish the inca trail trek due health issues, Andean Great Treks will do everything in its power to get you to the nearest civilization and get help or transportation to help. If the issue is respiratory or due to altitude, we do carry at least one tank of oxygen on trek that you will have access to. In extreme cases, a helicopter pick up can be arranged at your own expense. (Travel Insurance required) There are no refunds in the situation that you are unable to finish though.
Generally if due to altitude sickness people can´t make it over the pass on the 2nd day of the inca trail they come back to Ollantaytambo accompanied by a porter if just mild (or guide if serious) and if they recover from altitude sickness they stay the night here in Ollantaytambo and then take the train to Aguas Calientes the next day (Day 3) in the afternoon , you will spend the night in any hotel in aguas calientes, and rejoin your group in Machu Picchu early on Day 4 and continue the tour as normal. The additional costs for this such as train ticket and accomodations will be payed by the customer.
CAN THE AGENCY ACCOMMODATE MY DIETARY NEEDS ON THE INCA TRAIL? WHAT KIND OF FOOD WILL THERE BE?
Yes we are able to accommodate many types of dietary needs upon request at the time of booking. If you are a vegetarian, or cannot eat gluten or have allergies to certain foods, it will not be a problem. The meals of our chefs on the inca trail hike are one of the most popular parts of our tours too, and the quality will not be reduced when accommodating your dietary needs. The meals are served buffet style and you are able to choose what you would like to eat. Your guides will let you know what time the meals will be served.
Our inca trail cooks prepare excellent high-energy meals appropriate for a classic inca trail trek of this nature. The menu usually includes quinua, cereals and vegetable soups, Beaf Lomo Saltado with rice, chicken cacerole, fresh fruit and vegetables and a variety of oatmeal, eggs and other breakfast foods as scramble egg, quinua panqueques.
IS THERE DRINKING WATER ALONG INCA TRAIL HIKE
There is no drinking water in Inca Trail 4 days. We will provide boiled water at the campsites. You need to bring a camelback or water bottle which will be refilled.
Therefore, this will be provided on the day agreed with the agency you have hired which can be since the second or third day. It is also recommendable to bring pills or water purification bottles, ultraviolet water purifiers, portable suction filter or portable filtration pump. This way, you could drink water from the rivers and streams.
COULD I BUY BOTTLED WATER OR SNACKS ON THE INCA TRAIL HIKE
You can buy them at some points of the inca trail hike, from day 1 to day 2 (Llulluchapampa). However, you will notice that they cost a bit more than in the city. And with all reason since it implies a great effort to take these products from the city to these areas not only it is expensive but also challenging for the altitude.
We include some snacks in our tour. However you can contribute to local small businesses. You should know that tourism is a form of economic growth for families that live in the high Andean regions where the main activity is agriculture.
IS THE INCA TRAIL HIKE STILL GOOD DURING THE RAINY SEASON? IS IT SAFE?
The inca trail trek is perfectly safe during the rainy season. Some people actually like to go during the rainy season because there are fewer tourists. If you are one who doesn’t mind the rain, then we say ‘Go for it!’ You will just have to bring good rain gear and waterproof boots.
HOW DIFFICULT IS THE INCA TRAIL HIKE?
The Inca Trail Trek has many difficulty levels depending on which route one decides to take.
Each inca trail itinerary has its level of difficulty that is based on a few factors such as the number of days, the highest altitude reached, and the fitness level, experience, and acclimatization to the altitude of the hiker.
For instance, the Salkantay Trek + Classic Inca Trail Trek is the most difficult of them all because it covers a much longer distance, more days hiking, while the highest altitude to be reached is 16,000ft / 5,000 m.
These things determine that the difficulty level of this inca trail trek is strenuous.
Conversely, the Short Inca trail route is the easiest route, as it takes only 7 hours to be completed and the altitude is not that much of a problem.
DO I NEED A PERMIT TO HIKE THE INCA TRAIL?
Yes, you do need a permit to hike the Inca Trail Trek to Machu Picchu.
Everyone who hikes along any of the four routes of the Inca Trail network of roads to Machu Picchu must have a permit.
This is includes tourists, tour guides, porters, and cooks.
According to the 'Plan Maestro' or 'Master Plan' of Machu Picchu, elaborated by the Ministry of Culture of Peru and Sernanp (National Service of Natural Protected Areas) in 2003, only 500 people a day can access this place, Roughly 300 of them are porters and 200 are tourists.
Also, 300 people a day are allowed to enter the Short Inca trail trek.
INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU AVAILABILITY
There are limited spots for the Inca Trail, only 500 spots. These spots are not only for tourists but for guides, porters, chefs, assistants who will assist you along the inca trail to machu picchu. This means that about 230 spots are for the staff mentioned and only 270 spots are available for tourists. Before booking your tour with any licensed tour operator, make sure there are spots available for your desired date. Otherwise, you won’t be able to do Inca Trail 4 days. Remember that permits are sold fast
HOW EARLY SHOULD I MAKE THE RESERVATION FOR THE INCA TRAIL?
As early as possible as many chances you have to get your reservation complete before tickets maybe be sold out quickly. We would recommend you to reserve your tickets for Inca Trail 3 months in advance for the low season (between November to March) and at least 6 months before you planning visit Peru in high season (April to October). Note that we cannot guarantee the availability so it’s on you how early you going to book and make sure there are still tickets left (check the official Inca Trail Availability).
REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION FOR THE INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU
To hike the fantastic Inca Trail 4 days, you need to bring your personal identification documents. The names in the permits must match the information in your documents. Therefore, make sure you provide accurate information to the agency you are booking the tour with. If the information is not accurate, you won’t be able to do the Inca Trail hike:
Valid original Passport
Student card (if you want a discount)
You must bring with you any of these personal documents that you used at the moment of booking. Otherwise, you won’t be able to do the Inca Trail 4 days. Make sure you have your personal documents with you all the time. Put them in a safe place before and during the inca trail hike.
Note: If you have updated your passport some days prior the trek, you have to let the agency know and ask them to update the new information. If possible, bring both the old and new passports. You should also send a copy of both the old and new passports to the agency.
AM I ABLE TO CHANGE DATES AFTER THE INITIAL RESERVATION?
The only time that you can change your dates with no penalty charge is, if we have not purchased your permit yet. Usually we try to purchase the permits, at the most, the same day yo do the reservation for the Inca Trail.
If we do not already have your permit you can change your date. If we already have your permit, the penalty to change is US $150 and there must be availability for the date which you want to move to.
WHO ARE THE PORTERS OF THE INCA TRAIL HIKE
Porters are humble people who live in the high Andean area of Cusco. In their communities, they raise domestic animals and are dedicated to agriculture. Therefore, It is common to see locals trading their products with people from nearby. Those are their main source of income for most families.
WHO CARRIES THE EQUIPMENT AND COOKS DURING THE INCA TRAIL HIKE
The comnpany provide everything you need for the hike. Consequently, the porters are the ones who carry all the things needed for the adventure. These things include cooking utensils, tents, food supplies, chairs, among others.
The tents will be set once you arrive at each campsite. Porters will arrive earlier than you and set everything for you can rest during the inca trail hike. This way, you will have one less thing to worry about and have a pleasant resting time.
If you are carrying some of your personal belongings such as your own camping equipment, it will be you who sets everything up after a tiring day.
HOW MUCH SHOULD YOU TIP PORTERS OF THE INCA TRAIL HIKE 4 DAYS
This is a common question tourists often ask. They want to be sure they are giving a fair tip and take enough money with them. Most tourists would like to show their gratitude for the effort porters and guide make on the strenuous inca trail hike 4 days.
The tips collected from the tourists are given to the chef who will distribute them among the porters.
If you feel a certain porter has worked harder or has done something special for you, you can tip him personally. This way you can make sure he receives what he deserves. Sometimes the distributed tips are not equitable. Another thing you have to consider giving a reasonable tip for the inca trail 4 days. If you give more than expected, the risk is that porters would splurge it. Therefore, resist the urge to over-tip.
Note that tips are NOT mandatory. The amount of money you are willing to give should be based on the service you have received along the inca trail to machu picchu. It can be classified as bad, regular or good. Each person in the group can contribute between S/40 and S/60 for the porter and double for the chef, which can be S/120. The chef receives double since he has to carry food ingredients and prepare the meals, which are well elaborated and marvel tourists.
Likewise, Something that encourages porters to go ahead with their hard work are the words of gratitude and motivation that tourists give them. So, feel free to say something positive.